JULY 25, 2015. Italian MP Ivan Scalfarotto ended a three-week hunger strike last Saturday. He agreed to start eating again because Prime Minister Matteo Renzi promised that he would introduce civil partnerships by the end of the year. Mr Renzi's pledge was prompted by the European Court of Human Rights, which on July 21st censured Italy for failing to offer any legal recognition or protection for same –sex couples. Italy is the only major Western European nation without such measures.