Quist

  • June 18, 1983 — Sally Rides Becomes First American Woman in Space

    Two Soviet women had gone into space before her. Ride is a member of the crew on the space shuttle Challenger for STS-7. She had a female partner of 27 years, Tam O'Shaughnessy.

  • June 4, 1464 — Henry IV Deposed in Effigy

    Henry (half-brother of Queen Isabel) is called a "puto" (male prostitute) at his symbolic public dethronement in "The Farce of Avila."

  • January 8 — Harvey Milk Took Office — 1978

    The Mayor of Castro Street had been elected to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors, representing District 5.

  • Jan. 15, 1926 — Greenwich Village Ball Held

    Extravagant LGBTQ balls at Webster Hall at 119 East 11th Street are common during the 1920's. This affair is billed as the 15th annual ball and the advertisement reads “Come [...] with whom you like -- wear what you like -- Unconventional? Oh, to be sure -- Only do be discreet!”

    Jan. 16, 1967 — Louisiana Supreme Court Rules Lesbian Sex is Also Illegal

    The court rules that the state's statutory ban on "unnatural carnal copulation" applies to women engaged in oral sex with other women.

    Jan. 17, 1999 — Death of Robert Eads from Ovarian Cancer

    More than two dozen doctors had refused to treat Eads, a transman, on the grounds that taking him on as a patient might harm their practice. His story was documented in Southern Comforts.

    Jan. 18, 1977 — Anti-Discrimination Law Passed by Dade County

    The ordinance that would make it illegal to discriminate on the basis of sexual orientation passes by a vote of 5-3. Anita Bryant leads the effort to repeal.

    Jan. 19, 1901 — New York Times Reports Murray Hall's Story

    Murray Hall had lived as a male politician for decades, and was discovered to be female-bodied after Hall died of breast cancer. The headline reads: "Murray Hall Fooled Many Shrewd Men - How for Years She Masqueraded in Male Attire - Had Married Two Women."

    Jan. 20, 1993 — Melissa Etheridge Came Out as Lesbian

    She does so during the Triangle Ball, an LGBTQ-focused celebration of President Clinton's inauguration.

    Jan. 21, 2013 — First Presidential Mention of Gay Rights in an Inaugural Address

    The text of President Obama's Inauguration speech reads: "It is now our generation’s task to carry on what those pioneers began. [. . .] Our journey is not complete until our gay brothers and sisters are treated like anyone else under the law –- (applause) -- for if we are truly created equal, then surely the love we commit to one another must be equal as well."

    The unsigned two-page article includes statements such as ?Homosexuality is a pathetic little second-rate substitute for reality, a pitiable flight from life. [. . .] it deserves no encouragement [. . .] no pretense that it is anything but a pernicious sickness.?

    Jan. 22, 1957 — Death of Cabaret Singer Claire Waldoff

    Waldorff had lived openly as a lesbian in Germany her entire life. She lived with her partner, Olga von Roeder, enjoying their time in 1920s Berlin together. Shortly after Claire's death, Olga says "life for me has no content anymore. [. . .] We were joined by forty years of our being together just so intimately with each other than ever that this gap could be filled in for me. Actually we just lived one for the other. [. . .] I would be happy if my ashes already could rest with Claire's ashes in peace." They share their final resting place in Stuttgart.

    All of the information above has been reprinted with permission from Quist, an LGBT mobile history app that can be found on iOS and Android devices. Visit www.Quistapp.com for more information. The app was created by Sarah Prager and launched in July of 2013.

  • July 2, 2009 — India Decriminalized Homosexuality

    The Delhi High Court rules that the existing laws violate fundamental rights to personal liberty (Article 21 of the Indian Constitution) and equality (Article 14) and prohibition of discrimination (Article 15). Before the overturning of this 148-year-old law, so-called homosexual acts were punished with a ten-year prison sentence.

  • March 19, 1987: AZT Approved

    It is the first drug for the treatment of HIVAIDS approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

  • April 2, 2013 — Uruguayan Senate Approves Same-Sex Marriage

    The 23-8 vote makes the South American country the fourteenth in the world to legalize marriage equality.

  • April 9, 1986 -- Bayard Rustin Gives Speech “The New N*ggers Are Gays.”

    The civil rights leader was arrested more times for being homosexual than for his civil disobedience. In this speech he says, "Today, blacks are no longer the litmus paper or the barometer of social change. Blacks are in every segment of society and there are laws that help to protect them from racial discrimination. The new 'niggers' are gays. [. . .] It is in this sense that gay people are the new barometer for social change. [. . .] The question of social change should be framed with the most vulnerable group in mind: gay people."

  • April 16, 1061 — First Recorded Same-Sex Wedding

    Pedro Díaz and Muño Vandilaz are married by a priest at a small chapel in Rairiz de Veiga, Galicia, Spain. The records of the wedding were found at the Monastery of San Salvador de Celanova.

  • April 23, 1984 — Gay-Related Immune Deficiency Announced

    The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Secretary holds a press conference announcing that the cause of AIDS has been discovered. Known today as HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), the virus is first named GRID (gay-related immune deficiency).

  • April 30, 1997 — Airing of The Ellen Show Coming Out Episode

    “The Ellen Show” coming out episode airs. Character Ellen Morgan comes out in "The Puppy Episode."

  • Feb. 5, 2005 — IRIN Report "Iraq: Male homosexuality still a taboo" Issued

    The Integrated Regional Information Networks, based in Kenya, states that "honor killings" by Iraqis against gay family members are common and given some legal protection. The article also states that the 2001 amendment to the criminal code stipulating the death penalty for homosexuality "has not been changed," despite Paul Bremer's clear order that the criminal code to go back to its 1980s edition.

  • Feb. 19, 2007 — N.J. Civil Union Act Goes into Effect

    The New Jersey Legislature had passed a bill allowing same-sex couples to enter into civil unions on December 14, 2006 which was signed into law by the governor on December 21, 2006. The act comes into effect on this day allowing the couples to register for the partnerships.

  • July 9, 1550 — Jacopo Bonfadio Beheaded

    Several humanists were tried for sodomy in this time, but Bonfadio is one of few to be executed--most likely because he had earned the ire of several wealthy Genoese families by publishing accounts about them. It appears that he was once accused of sleeping with a male student and his enemies used this incident later to have him executed.

  • June 11, 2010 —Iceland’s Parliament Approves Gay Marriage

    Iceland's Althing passes a gender-neutral definition of marriage 49-0, and becomes the ninth country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage.

  • June 25, 1978 — First Rainbow Pride Flag Flies

    Designed by San Francisco artist Gilbert Baker in 1978, the design has undergone several revisions to first remove, then re-add colors based on available fabrics. The original gay pride flag, created by Ryan Halliday of Eau Claire, Wisconsin, was hand-dyed by Blake Thielmann. It flew in the San Francisco Gay Freedom Day Parade on June 25, 1978.

  • March 26, 2000 — Hilary Swank Wins Oscar for ‘Boys Don't Cry’

    She thanks Brandon Teena during her acceptance speech. Teena's mother takes offense at Swank's use of the male name and reference to Teena as male: "That set me off. She should not stand up there and thank my child. I get tired of people taking credit for what they don't know."

  • March 5, 2006 — Ang Lee Wins Academy Award for Best Director for Brokeback Mountain

  • May 14, 1974 — First National United States Gay Civil Rights Bill Introduced

    Congress members Bella Abzug and Ed Koch introduce a bill that is the predecessor to the Employment Non-Discrimination Act.

  • May 21, 1979 —Daniel White Sentenced for Killing Harvey Milk and Mayor Moscone

    After using the "Twinkie defense," White is acquitted of the first-degree murder charge, but is found guilty of the voluntary manslaughter of both victims. He is sentenced to serve seven and two-thirds years. Over 3,000 people rioted in what became known as the White Night Riots. Dozens were hospitalized.

  • May 7, 1365 — Giovanni di Giovanni Killed for Sodomy

    The 15-year-old is publicly castrated and killed by a red-hot iron in his anus for admitting to having sex with multiple men. He is one of the youngest victims of the campaign against sodomy in Italy.

  • May 28, 1989 — Leather Pride Flag Debuted

    The flag was designed by Tony DeBlase. He first presented the design at the International Mister Leather event in Chicago, Illinois.

  • San Fran Mayor Ordered Marriage Licenses Be Granted to Gay Couples. — Feb, 12, 2004

    Gavin Newsom makes the order to the City and County of San Francisco despite the lack of legal recognition by the state of California or the United States. Del Martin and Phyllis Lyons are issued a marriage license on this day.

  • March 12, 1995 — Gay Couple Married in Cambodia

  • Jan. 22, 1957 — Death of Cabaret Singer Claire Waldoff

    Waldorff had lived openly as a lesbian in Germany her entire life. She lived with her partner, Olga von Roeder, enjoying their time in 1920s Berlin together. Shortly after Claire's death, Olga says "life for me has no content anymore. We were joined by forty years of our being together just so intimately with each other than ever that this gap could be filled in for me. Actually we just lived one for the other. I would be happy if my ashes already could rest with Claire's ashes in peace." They share their final resting place in Stuttgart.

  • Feb. 26, 1649Christina of Sweden Abdicates Throne

    Christina has "an insurmountable distaste for marriage [...and] for all the things that females talked about and did." Citing her wish not to marry, she resigns as Queen on this day.

  • Jan. 29, 2007 — First Gay Couple Registered in Israel

    Following a Supreme Court ruling, Avi and Binyamin Rose register as a couple in Jerusalem.