Franz Schubert (1797-1828), Austrian composer. Although Schubert's homosexuality had long been rumored in gay musical circles, it was not explicitly argued in print until 1981,when Maynard Solomon published an article in American Imago, later expanded in 19th Century Music. Citing the composer's dissipation, his lack of female love interests, his passionate male friendships, and several oblique references in his surviving correspondence, Solomon argued that Schubert's primary erotic orientation was homosexual. In recent years, however, the notion of a gay Schubert has become if not commonplace, at least much less controversial. Schubert's alleged homosexuality and its effect on his music are subjects of continuing debate among music historians and critics.