What is the prostate and what does it do?
- The prostate gland is found only in males. It is just below the bladder and in front of the rectum.
- The prostate contains cells that make some of the fluid that protects and nourishes sperm.
How common is prostate cancer?
- Other than skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men.
- Approximately 1 out of every 7 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime.
- Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in American men, behind only lung cancer.
- In 2015 the American Cancer Society estimates that there will be 220,800 new cases of prostate cancer and 27,540 deaths from prostate cancer.
What are the risk factors for developing prostate cancer?
- Age: Prostate cancer occurs mainly in older men, the average age at the time of diagnosis is about 66.
- Race: African-American men are more likely to get prostate cancer.
- Family history:Men with close family members who have had prostate cancer are more likely to get it.
- Diet:Men who eat a lot of red meat or high-fat dairy products seem to be at greater risk.
- Obesity:Some studies have found that obese men may be at greater risk for more advanced prostate cancer and of dying from prostate cancer.
What can be done to prevent prostate cancer?
- The exact cause of prostate cancer is not known, so it isn’t possible to prevent most cases of the disease.
- Some studies found a connection between diet, obesity and prostate cancer, so eating healthy, being physically active and staying at a healthy weight may lower your risk of developing the disease.
How do I know whether I have prostate cancer?
- Early prostate cancer usually causes no symptoms, so most are found nowadays through screening by your doctor.
- Advanced prostate cancers can sometimes cause symptoms, such as problems urinating, blood in the urine, erectile dysfunction or pain in the hips, back, and chest due to cancer spread to bones.
What is prostate cancer screening?
- A prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test and a digital rectal exam (DRE) may help to diagnose prostate cancer in its asymptomatic, early stages.
- Screening is typically started between the ages of 50 and 55, but may be performed at a younger age in patients who are at higher risk for the disease.
Is prostate cancer treatable?
- Yes, in fact most men diagnosed with prostate cancer do not die from it.
- More than 2.9 million men in the United States who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer at some point are still alive today.
American Cancer Society
Toll-free number: 1-800-227-2345
Urology Care Foundation
Toll-free number: 1-800-828-7866
National Cancer Institute
Toll-free number: 1-800-422-6237
Prostate Cancer Foundation
Toll-free number: 1-800-757-2873
Ishai S. Ross, M.D.
4725 North Federal Highway
Fort Lauderdale, FL, 33308
Tel.: (954) 267-6780
Fax: (954) 267-6779