Gay History 101: The Long And Winding Road Of Same Sex-Marriage

Mary L. Bonauto is an American Lawyer and civil rights advocate who is responsible for leading the fi rst strategic challengers to section three of the Defense of Marriage Act.

The first recorded mention of the performance of same-sex marriage occurred during the early Roman Empire. Cicero writes that the younger Curio was “united in a stable and permanent marriage” to Antonius.

2000 Netherlands becomes the world’s first nation to legalize same-sex marriage.
2003 Belgium
2005 Spain, Canada
2006 South Africa
2009 Norway, Sweden
2010 Argentina, Portugal, Iceland
2012 Denmark
2013 England, Wales, Uruguay, Brazil, France, New Zealand
2014 Luxembourg, Scotland, Finland
2015: Vietnam becomes the first Asian country to lift ban of same-sex marriage.

May 22, 2015 Ireland becomes the first country in the world to legalize same sex marriage by popular vote.

June 26, 2015 The Unites States Supreme Court makes same sex marriage legal in all 50 states.

As of June 30, 2015: Countries with regional freedom to marry: Mexico, Slovenia, Australia, and Colombia.

Countries that offer many rights to same-sex couples but stop short of marriage include Chile, Ecuador, Germany, Greenland, Hungary, Northern Ireland and Malta.

Countries that offer some spousal rights to same-sex couples, which are far from full marriage, include Andorra, Austria, Colombia, Croatia, Czech Republic     Liechtenstein, and Switzerland.

CARRIBBEAN ISLANDS: Saba, St. Martin, St. Barthelemy, Guadeloupe and Martinique as they are part of the Netherlands and France, so abide by their laws.

*Israel recognizes same sex marriage but they can’t take place within the country.

Mary L. Bonauto (born 1961) is an American lawyer and civil rights advocate who has worked to eradicate discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, and has been referred to by U.S. Representative Barney Frank as "our Thurgood Marshall" She began working with the Massachusetts-based Gay & Lesbian Advocates & Defenders (GLAD) organization in 1990. A resident of Portland, Maine, Bonauto was one of the leaders who both worked with the Maine legislature to pass a marriage equality law and to defend it at the ballot in a narrow loss during the 2009 election campaign. Bonauto is known for being lead counsel in the case Goodridge v. Department of Public Health which made Massachusetts the first state in which same-sex couples could marry in 2004. She is also responsible for leading the first strategic challenges to section three of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA). Bonauto argued before the U.S. Supreme Court in the Obergefell v. Hodges case on April 28, 2015, on behalf of same-sex couples seeking marriage rights.

This much-publicized case determined that state bans against same-sex marriage are unconstitutional and is considered one of the most important civil rights cases which came before the U.S. Supreme Court in modern history. She will always be remembered as the lawyer who represented the plaintiff, Jim Obergefell, in the same-sex marriage case victory that made history on June 26th 2015. Obergefell, the main plaintiff in the landmark case, started the lawsuit with 30 other plaintiffs because of his husband, John. When John died from ALS, the state of Ohio would not allow Obergefell's name to be on his death certificate.


Like us on Facebook

  • Latest Comments

BLOG COMMENTS POWERED BY DISQUS